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  • Nivedita Karmakar


    Metaphors, Monsters and Magnification: A Study of Horror, Fear and the Grotesque in the Graphic Novel Adaptation of the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde


    Nivedita Karmakar, M.Phil Scholar, Deptt. of English, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan


    This paper focuses on the representation of fear and horror in one of the graphic novel adaptations (by the Campfire Classics) of R. L. Stevenson’s famous novella The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886). It revolves around a particular question: does the projection of fear and horror have necessarily to be something very monstrous and grotesque while being adapted into a comics or a graphic novel? In order to find the answer this paper intends to look into the dualistic aspects of this novel that invoke fear within its characters and the sense of horror experienced by the readers as well: the atmospheric dichotomy, the societal duality, and most importantly, the Jekyll-Hyde dualism. It will further assess how this adaptation represents these dualities through its art style, use of colours and of course, through the character designs and will try to find out whether this adaptation is able to do justice to the horror and fear which are mostly psychological, or are they just stuck within the typical comic book boundaries, making Mr. Hyde a grotesque, monstrous figure.



    Key Words: Graphic novel adaptations, Visual representation, Adaptation style and technique, Horror and fear, Victorian anxiety, Dualistic nature of human mind.